[1]王亮,荊瀾濤.高壓斷路器電機機構智能控制系統研制[J].高壓電器,2018,54(03):59-69.[doi:10.13296/j.1001-1609.hva.2018.03.009]
 WANG Liang,JING Lantao.Development of Intelligent Control System for Motor Mechanism of High Voltage Circuit Breaker[J].High Voltage Apparatus,2018,54(03):59-69.[doi:10.13296/j.1001-1609.hva.2018.03.009]
點擊複制

高壓斷路器電機機構智能控制系統研制()
分享到:

《高壓電器》[ISSN:1001-1609/CN:61-11271/TM]

卷:
第54卷
期數:
2018年03期
頁碼:
59-69
欄目:
研究與分析
出版日期:
2018-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Development of Intelligent Control System for Motor Mechanism of High Voltage Circuit Breaker
作者:
王亮荊瀾濤
沈陽工程學院電力學院, 沈陽 110136
Author(s):
WANG Liang JING Lantao
Institute of Electric Power, Shenyang Institute of Engineering, Shenyang 110136, China
關鍵詞:
高壓真空斷路器 電機操動機構 永磁電機 運動方程 模糊免疫控制 多CPU系統
Keywords:
high voltage vacuum circuit breaker motor operating mechanism permanent magnet motor eq-                  uation of motion fuzzy immune control multi-CPU system
DOI:
10.13296/j.1001-1609.hva.2018.03.009
文獻標志碼:
A
摘要:
爲滿足智能電網建設對智能化設備的需求,提高高壓斷路器的操控性能及運行可靠性,應用現代智能控制技術的電機操動機構得到越來越多關注。針對真空斷路器電機操動機構控制特點,提出一種永磁電機機構模糊免疫PID速度隨動跟蹤智能控制方法。爲實現操動機構智能控制,研制基于DSP28335+FPGA+單片機多CPU結構全數字化伺服電機操動機構控制系統,並對斷路器不同的運行狀態:分/合閘操作、自動重合閘、分階段速度調控及速度跟蹤等操作分別進行測試,驗證研究的控制方法及控制系統有效性。實驗結果表明:該控制系統參數在PWM爲10 kHz,占空比爲80%時,126 kV真空斷路器機械參數爲:合閘時間爲38 ms,分閘時間爲21 ms;平均合閘速度爲2.24 m/s,平均分閘速度爲3.63 m/s。滿足了真空滅弧室分合閘時間以及分合閘速度等參數要求,所研究的電機操動機構控制技術能夠對高壓真空斷路器的運行狀態進行有效控制。
Abstract:
In order to satisfy the demand of the intelligent equipment for the construction of the smart power grids,and to improve the operating performance and running reliability of high-voltage circuit breakers,more and more attention about the motor operating mechanism applied of modern technology is obtained. In this paper,according to the control characteristics of the vacuum circuit breaker motor operating mechanism,an intelligent control method for the fuzzy immune PID speed of permanent magnet motor is proposed. In order to realize the intelligent control of operating mechanism,a digital servo motor control system based on DSP28335+FPGA+single chip microcomputer is developed. The different operating states of the circuit breaker are tested,including opening/closing operation,auto reclosing operation,stage speed control and speed tracking etc. The test results show: when the control system parameters are 10 kHz in PWM,the duty cycle is 80%,the mechanical parameters of the 126 kV vacuum circuit breaker contents: the closing time is 38 ms,the opening time is 21 ms,the average closing speed is 2.24 m/s,the average speed is 3.63 m/s. The requirements of the opening and closing time and speed can be satisfied. The control technology of the motor operating mechanism can effectively control the operation state of the high voltage vacuum circuit breaker.

參考文獻/References:

[1] 林 莘.現代高壓電器技術[M].北京:機械工業出版社,2011.
LIN Xin. The modern high voltage electrical technology[M]. Beijing: China Machine Press,2011.
[2] 劉經宇.真空斷路器永磁直線電機操動機構的研究[D]. 沈陽:沈陽工業大學,2011.
LIU Jingyu. Research on permanent magnet linear motor operating mechanism for vacuum circuit breaker[D]. Shenyang:Shenyang University of Technology,2011.
[3] 馬躍乾.高壓斷路器新型電機操動機構的研究[D].沈陽:沈陽工業大學,2008.
MA Yueqian. Research of HCB novel motor operating mechanism[D]. Shenyang:Shenyang University of Technology,2008
[4] 林 莘,宋立峰,李永祥,等.真空斷路器新型電機操動機構的多體動力學仿真[J]. 電網技術,2012,36(3):76-80.
LIN Xin,SONG Lifeng,LI Yongfeng,et al. Multi-body dynamics simulation and analysis on novel motor operating mechanism for vacuum circuit breakers[J]. Power System Technology,2012,36(3):76-80.
[5] 劉向東.24 kV永磁操動機構真空斷路器關鍵技術研究[D]. 沈陽:沈陽工業大學,2010.
LIU Xiangdong. Research in the key technology of 24 kV permanent magnetic actuator vacuum circuit breaker[D]. Shenyang: Shenyang University of Technology,2010.
[6] 劉愛民,林 莘.斷路器操動機構用圓筒型直線感應電動機運動控制系統仿真[J]. 中國電機工程學報,2009,29(27):112-118.
LIU Aimin,LIN Xin. Control system sesearch on cylindrical linear induction motor applied to circuit breaker operating mechanism[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE,2009,29(27):112-118.
[7] 張應中,徐可新,閻崇毅,等.高壓斷路器彈簧操動機構的優化與仿真[J].高壓電器,2014,50(4):66-71.
ZHANG Yinzhong,XU Kexin,YAN Chongyi,et al. Optimization and simulation of the spring actuator for circuit breakers[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2014,50(4): 66-71.
[8] 林 莘,王德順,徐建源.高壓斷路器直線伺服電機操動機構及其控制技術[J]. 中國電機工程學報,2008,28(27):137-141.
LIN Xin,WANG Deshun,XU Jianyuan. Linear servo motor operating mechanism and control technique for high-voltage circuit breaker[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE,2008,28(27):137-141.
[9] 楊 川.高壓斷路器永磁直線電機操動機構的研究[D].沈陽:沈陽工業大學,2011.
YANG Chuan. The research on permanent magnetic linear motor actuator for high voltage circuit breaker[D]. Shenyang:Shenyang University of Technology,2011.
[10] LIU Z Y,WANG J M,XIU S X,et al. Development of high-voltage vacuum circuit breakers in china[J]. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science,2013,35(4):856-865.
[11] 劉愛民,林 莘.高壓斷路器操動機構用圓筒型直線感應電機的優化設計[J]. 電機與控制學報,2009,13(4):528-532.
LIU Aimin,LIN Xin. Optimization design to linear induction motor used in circuit breaker operating mechanism[J]. Electric Machines and Control,2009,13(4):528-532.
[12] 石 飛,林 莘,徐建源.可靠性技術與智能高壓電器[J]. 華通技術,2005,24(3):15-18.
SHI Fei,LIN Xin,XU Jianyuan. Discussion on intellectual high voltage electrical apparatus reliability research[J]. Huatong Technology,2005,24(3):15-18.
[13] 張永剛.126 kV真空斷路器電機操動機構仿真與設計[D]. 沈陽:沈陽工業大學,2013.
ZHANG Yonggang. Design and simulation of 126 kVvacuum circuit breaker motor operating mechanism[D]. Shenyang: Shenyang University of Technology,2013.
[14] 楊世勇,徐國林.模糊控制與PID控制的對比及其複合控制[J]. 自動化技術與應用,2011,30(11):21-25.
YANG Shiyong,XU Guolin. Comparison and composite of fuzzy control and PID control[J]. Techniques of Automation and Applications,2011,30(11):21-25.
[15] 李勁彬,全江濤,陳 隽,等.基于分合閘線圈電流的某換流站開關故障分析[J]. 高壓電器,2015,51(2):141-145.
LI Jinbin,QUAN Jiangtao,CHEN Jun,et al. Fault analysis of circuit breaker in a converter station based on switching coil currents[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2015,51(2): 141-145.
[16] 王 斌,李愛平.模糊免疫非線性PID控制的優化設計[J]. 控制工程,2007,14(5):81-84.
WANG BIN,LI Aiping. Optimal design of fuzzy immune nonlinear PID Control[J]. Control Engineering of China,2007,14(5):81-84.
[17] 紐春萍,強若辰,王小華,等.高壓斷路器接觸電阻的耦合面積法分析[J]. 高壓電器,2015,51(2):18-23.
NIU Chunping,QIANG Ruochen,WANG Xiaohua,et al. Simulation of high-voltage circuit breaker contact resistance via contact area coupling method[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2015,51(2): 18-23.
[18] 李振民,劉事明,張 銳.IGBT驅動及短路保護電路研究[J]. 電測與儀表,2002,39(438):48-50.
LI Zhenmin,LIU Shiming,ZHANG Rui. The research of IGBT driving and short circuit protection circuit[J]. Electrical Measurement & Instrumentation,2002,39(438):48-50.

備注/Memo

備注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017- 09- 12; 修回日期:2017 - 11 - 17   基金項目:遼甯省教育廳科學研究項目(L201613);博士啓動基金項目(LGBS-1601)。   Project Supported by Scientific Research Projects in Liaoning Province Department of Education (L201613),Dr. Initial Funding Project(LGBS-1601).王 亮(1983—),男,博士研究生,研究方向爲配電自動化新技術及其應用。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-25